Alpha Phi is founded by 10 young women at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.
Sep 18th, 1872
Temperance and women's suffrage leader Frances E. Willard becomes the first alumna initiate.
1875RELATED ITEM: Frances Willard Cabinet Card
The first convention is held in Syracuse, New York. Seven delegates were in attendance: six Syracuse (Alpha) members and Jessie King (Beta-Northwestern).
A conservative policy toward expansion is established at the 1885 Convention. An emphasis on "quality, not quantity" when it came to expansion would continue well into the 20th century.
Alpha Chapter builds a chapter house at 207 University Place. They are the first women's fraternity in the country to build and occupy their own chapter house.
1886RELATED ITEM: First Alpha Chapter House Photograph
The Alpha Phi Quarterly, an award-winning magazine published continuously to the present day, is established.
Two alumnae chapters, Boston and Chicago, are officially chartered at the 1889 Convention.
Oct 11th, 1889
The 1893 World's Fair, known as the World's Columbian Exposition, opens in Chicago.
Alpha Phi becomes the first women's fraternity to use "traveling delegates," now known as Educational Leadership Consultants. Carrie Jones Sauber (Alpha-Syracuse) is the first such traveling delegate.
The United States Supreme Court issues a ruling on Plessy v. Ferguson, establishing the separate-but-equal doctrine.
May 18th, 1896
The Alpha Phi new member pin, "to take the form of a silver or green enameled ivy leaf" engraved with the letters Alpha and Phi, is adopted at the 1898 Convention.
The Spanish-American War begins with the U.S. intervening on the side of Cuba in the Cuban War of Independence. When the war ends, the United States temporarily controls Cuba and owns Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippine islands. The Philippines does not gain independence until 1946. Puerto Rico and Guam remain U.S. possessions to this day.
Apr 21st, 1898 - Aug 13th, 1898
President William McKinley is assassinated, and Theodore Roosevelt becomes U.S. president.
Sep 14th, 1901
Alpha Phi calls the first inter-sorority meeting that resulted in the formation of the association now known as the National Panhellenic Conference.
May 24th, 1902
The Boston Americans beat the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series played in Major League Baseball.
The age of flight is born as the Wright brothers stage the first successful flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
Dec 17th, 1903
Alpha Phi member Frances Willard is recognized by the U.S. Congress by placing a statue of her in Statuary Hall in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol. She is the first woman to be recognized with such a statue.
1905RELATED ITEM: Jones, Selig, and Boyd with Wreath in Front of Frances Willard Statue Photograph, December 3, 1976
The standard gold badge used today is approved at the 1906 Convention in Syracuse, New York.
Ford begins producing the Model T.
Oct 1st, 1908
The British ocean liner RMS Titanic sinks.
Apr 15th, 1912
Jul 28th, 1914 - Nov 11th, 1918
The U.S. declares war on Germany, thus entering World War I.
Apr 6th, 1917
The 1918 Convention is cancelled due to World War I.
The 18th Amendment becomes law, making liquor, beer, and wine illegal. Prohibition continues until 1933.
Jan 16th, 1919
After decades of speeches, rallies, parades, and women demanding the right to vote at the federal level, the U.S. Secretary of State certifies the ratification of the 19th Amendment, stating that no citizen could be denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. Twenty-six million women become voters.
Aug 26th, 1920
After the creation of the position was approved at the 1920 Convention, Romaine Loar (Beta-Northwestern) becomes Alpha Phi's first National Executive Secretary and sets up the first National Headquarters office in New York City.
With a housing shortage on college campuses, chapters began building, purchasing, or renting houses at an unprecedented rate.
1922 - 1929RELATED ITEM: Alpha Original Walnut Place Chapter House Postcard, 1920s
Alpha Phi publishes the first book-length history by a women's fraternity.
Oct 1st, 1922
The Callisto, Alpha Phis' first Convention daily news sheet is introduced at the 1926 Convention.
Jun 21st, 1926RELATED ITEM: Callisto of Alpha Phi, Vol. 1, No. 1, June 21, 1926
Fraternity headquarters moves to Detroit after the election of Ruth Abbott Jones. This would be the last time the headquarters would move with the election of a new International President, as had been the custom for several decades. The fraternity's headquarters would remain in Detroit until 1946.
Alpha Phi holds its first convention outside the United States in Toronto, hosted by Xi Chapter and the Toronto Alumnae Chapters.
Jun 25th, 1928 - Jun 30th, 1928
The Great Depression, the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world, lasts from 1929-1939. At the beginning of the depression, 25 percent of the workforce is unemployed, and hourly wages drop 60 percent.
1929 - 1939
The U.S. stock market crashes, beginning the Great Depression.
Oct 29th, 1929
District conventions are cancelled due to the effects of the Great Depression.
The 21st Amendment passes, repealing the 18th Amendment and making alcohol legal once again.
Dec 5th, 1933
World War II sees more than 300,000 women serve in the military as part of the WACs, WAVEs and SPARs - including 250 Alpha Phis. Many other women join the workforce while the men go off to war.
Sep 1st, 1939 - Sep 2nd, 1945
Although the United States initially remained neutral during World War II, American Alpha Phis showed their support for the war effort and for their Canadian sisters impacted by the war through war work projects, including creating afghans, funding nursing scholarship, selling war stamps, and supporting the Chaplain's Service Corps, as well as many activities at the local and individual level.
Sep 1939 - Sep 1945RELATED ITEM: Alpha Phi War Relief Stamps, c. 1942-1945
Frances E. Willard is portrayed on a U.S. postage stamp.
1940RELATED ITEM: Frances Willard Postage Stamp, 1940
The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor and other U.S. possessions in the Pacific, prompting the United States to enter World War II.
Dec 7th, 1941
The 1942 Convention, which had been scheduled for San Antonio, Texas, is cancelled due to World War II.
District conventions are cancelled due to World War II.
No convention is planned or held in 1944 due to World War II.
The fraternity headquarters moves from Detroit to Evanston, Illinois - just north of Chicago - to a building at 317 Howard Street.
President Harry S. Truman appoints the Committee on Civil Rights to investigate the status of civil rights in the United States.
The U.S. and 11 other Western nations form the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
The fraternity headquarters stays in Evanston, but moves to expanded quarters at 518-26 Davis Street.
1950RELATED ITEM: Alpha Phi Davis Street Office Photograph, c. 1950-1956
The Korean War begins when Communist North Korean forces invade South Korea. Fighting ends when an armistice is signed on July 27, 1953, but the war never officially ends.
Jun 25th, 1950 - Jul 27th, 1953
The U.S. Supreme Court rules unanimously that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.
Clara Bradley Burdette, the last living Founder of Alpha Phi, dies at the age of 98.
Jan 6th, 1954RELATED ITEM: Dr. Burdette, 98, Dies: Oldest S.U. Graduate Newspaper Clipping, c. January 1954
The number of television sets in the United States is at 32 million, up from just 3.1 million in 1950.
The undeclared war in Vietnam begins in 1955, lasting for 19 years.
Nov 1st, 1955 - Apr 30th, 1975
Fraternity headquarters, remaining in Evanston, moves to a two-story colonial house at 634 Foster Street.
1956RELATED ITEM: Doris Corbett in Automobile in Front of Foster Street Office Photograph
Sputnik, a Soviet satellite, is launched, beginning the Space Age.
Oct 4th, 1957
The Beatles, widely regarded as the most influential rock 'n' roll band, form in Liverpool.
U.S. involvement in Vietnam escalates in 1960, with troop levels gradually surging from just under 1,000 in 1959 to more than 16,000 in 1963.
1960 - 1963
James Meredith, an African American, enrolls at the previously all-white University of Mississippi. The campus riots, and 13,500 federal troops are called in.
President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
Nov 22nd, 1963
A hundred commemorative gavels are created from the cherry and birch stair railing of the first sorority house and are presented to collegiate chapters that they might serve as a "continued reminder of Alpha Phi ideals which have stayed so constant over the past years."
1964RELATED ITEM: First Alpha Chapter House Staircase Photograph
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed, ending segregation in public places and banning employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
A U.S. destroyer allegedly clashes with a North Vietnamese fast-attack craft. In response, the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gives President Lyndon B. Johnson broad authorization to increase U.S. military presence in Vietnam, deploying ground combat units for the first time and increasing troop levels from about 23,000 to 184,000.
Aug 2nd, 1964
South Vietnamese forces are unable to withstand the Tet Offensive launched by the North Vietnamese in January and February of 1968, and U.S. forces have to defeat the North Vietnamese. The episode shows that the end of U.S. involvement is nowhere in sight, and domestic skepticism of the war increases.
Civil Rights Movement leader Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.
Apr 4th, 1968
The Apollo 11 Mission puts a man on the moon.
Jul 20th, 1969
Student protests against the Vietnam War result in the killing of four students by the National Guard at Kent State University in Ohio.
May 4th, 1970
The U.S. Congress passes the Equal Rights Amendment, stating that, "Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the U.S. or any state on account of sex." In order to become law, it must be ratified by 38 states within 10 years.
Title IX is passed. An exception allows fraternities and sororities to remain single-sex private organizations.
Alpha Phi celebrates 100 years with events throughout the United States and Canada, culminating in the Centennial Convention in Washington, D.C.
1972RELATED ITEM: Alpha Phi International Fraternity Centennial Convention Program, June 16-21, 1972
Police arrest men attempting to bug the Democratic National Committee headquarters, marking the beginning of the Watergate scandal.
Jun 17th, 1972
The U.S. ends direct military involvement in Vietnam, but the war does not end for another two years.
Facing impeachment charges, President Richard Nixon becomes the first U.S. president to resign.
Aug 6th, 1974
The executive offices move to their new home at 1930 Sherman Avenue. The building, built specifically as the executive offices of Alpha Phi, still serve as the Fraternity's home today.
1975RELATED ITEM: Alpha Phi Is Building Headquarters Newspaper Clipping, September 12, 1974
Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, is captured, ending the Vietnam War.
Apr 30th, 1975
The U.S. Air Force Academy admits its first female student.
A group of Iranian college students who support the Iranian Revolution take over the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and hold 52 Americans hostage for 444 days.
Nov 4th, 1979 - Jan 20th, 1981
Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
MTV launches, featuring popular music videos.
Aug 1st, 1981
The Equal Rights Amendment fails, after being ratified by only 35 of the necessary 38 states.
Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
A hole in the ozone layer is discovered.
RESPOND: A Forum for Supportive Action, an anti-victimization education program dealing with alcohol abuse, acquaintance rape, eating disorders, suicide, hazing, and harassment is introduced.
The Challenger Shuttle explodes after launch.
Jan 18th, 1986
Stock markets around the world crash, with the Dow Jones falling 508 points (22.61%).
Oct 19th, 1987
Risk management education is introduced to collegians.
The Berlin Wall comes down, providing a symbolic end to the Cold War.
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) goes into effect.
Alpha Phi introduces a peer education program for AIDS education.
The U.S. leads coalition forces in war against Iraq.
The Soviet Union collapses.
The World Wide Web is born. In just two years, 3 million people are "on line." By 1998, that number increases to 100 million.
Alpha Phi becomes the first NPC member to have a website.
The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, is bombed by a domestic terrorist. At least 168 people are killed, and more than 680 are injured. It is the deadliest terrorist attack in U.S. history up to this point.
Apr 19th, 1995
Dolly the sheep is the first mammal to be cloned.
Jul 5th, 1996
American robotic spacecraft Pathfinder lands on Mars.
Two students at Columbine High School commit a deadly massacre, killing 12 of their classmates and one teacher. It is the first high-profile school shooting.
Apr 20th, 1999
Millennium celebrations take place all over the world as a new century is ushered in. Fears about Y2K turn out to be unfounded.
Terrorists hijack airplanes and crash them into the World Trade Center Towers, the Pentagon, and a field in Pennsylvania. As a result of the attacks, 2,996 people are killed and more than 6,000 are injured, with others dying from complications in the coming years. It is the deadliest terrorist attack in U.S. history.
Sep 11th, 2001
The U.S.-led war in Afghanistan begins as an effort to remove the Taliban from power. While this goal is completed by the end of the year, U.S. and allied troops continue to fight Taliban insurgents for more than 18 years, and the war continues to this day.
Oct 7th, 2001
Apple releases the iPod.
Oct 23rd, 2001
Alpha Phi member Laura Malley-Schmitt (Zeta Phi - MIT) invents the RPC Alternative Method for Release Figures Management, which is now used for Panhellenic recruitment nationwide.
Believing Iraq possesses weapons of mass destruction, a U.S.-led coalition invades Iraq and overthrows the government of Saddam Hussein. Although it turns out that Iraq does not have the weapons, the conflict continues for much of the next decade as insurgents oppose the new U.S.-backed government.
Mar 20th, 2003 - Dec 18th, 2011
Hurricanes Dennis, Katrina, Rita, and Wilma devastate the southern U.S. in the fall of 2005.
A global financial crisis begins with a crisis in the subprime mortgage market in the U.S., and becomes a full-blown international crisis with the collapse of the investment bank Lehman Brothers. It is considered by many to be the most serious financial crisis since the Great Depression.
2007 - 2008
A massacre at Virginia Tech kills 32 people and wounds 23 others.
Apr 16th, 2007
Alpha Phi becomes the first NPC member to produce an educational podcast.
Barack Obama becomes the first African-American president of the United States.
Nov 4th, 2008
A series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions spread across the Islamic world.
Dec 2010 - Dec 2012